Balloon Mitral Valvuloplasty
Balloon Mitral Valvuloplasty (BMV) is an accepted procedure for treating rheumatic Mitral Stenosis (MS).
Valvuloplasty is a cardiac catheterization procedure to treat stenosis in heart valves. In this procedure it involves the Mitral Valve that has become stenotic. It is similar to a balloon angioplasty, except instead of opening an artery, a valvuloplasty stretches open a narrowed heart valve.
During the procedure, the Femoral vein is punctuated and a deflated balloon catheter is inserted through the blood vessel to the Right Atrium of the heart. Here a Septostomy (a hole) is created across the Atrial Septum to allow the balloon to go across to the Mitral Valve. The balloon is then place across the narrowed valve and then inflated to stretch the valve open.
Balloon valvulopasty is used to treat blockage of the Mitral valve or of the Aortic valve.
• Mitral balloon valvuloplasty with Inoue Balloon